Hereditary diseases are diseases caused by chromosomal and gene mutations. Some confuse hereditary diseases with congenital diseases. Indeed, congenital diseases, that is, diseases with which the baby is born, can be hereditary, but they can also be caused by some damaging external effect on the embryo or fetus – infection, ionizing radiation, toxic substance. On the other hand, not all hereditary diseases are congenital, since some of them can occur later, even in an adult. The appearance of a hereditary disease does not depend on external causes and is always due to a pathological mutation. Continue reading
Klinefelter’s syndrome is a genetic pathology of men, which is based on endocrine disorders caused by additional female chromosomes in the set of sex chromosomes. This is a fairly common genetic disease. According to statistics, 0.2% of men are susceptible to it, and among endocrine disorders, Klinefelter syndrome occupies the third line (diabetes comes first, thyrotoxicosis comes second). But according to the same statistics, only 50% of cases are diagnosed.
A bit of genetics
Chromosomes are structures contained in the nucleus of a cell that carry hereditary information. A Continue reading
Sweating is a very important and natural process to which all people are exposed without exception. It protects the body from overheating. But some people, even in the hottest weather, experience slight perspiration, while others experience the appearance of cold, sticky sweat constantly. What are the causes of hyperhidrosis of the whole body? And how can I fix the situation?
Sweating: what is considered normal and what is pathology
There are about 4 million sweat glands in the human body. Moreover, women have more of them than men. But it is precisely in the representatives of the stronger sex that the sweat glands function more actively. Their work is controlled by the symptomatic nervous system. The glands secrete sweat, which is Continue reading