What is the danger of vitamin C deficiency?
Frequent headaches, chronic fatigue, high irritability, especially in combination with bleeding gums, may indicate a lack of vitamin C. Therefore, do not rush to take an analgesic. You may need to pay attention to nutrition.
Why does the body need vitamin C?
A person really needs vitamin C (it is also called ascorbic acid). Without such a component, the body cannot function properly. Vitamin does not accumulate and is not synthesized in the body. He only comes with food.
Vitamin C has several important functions:
Participates in the production of collagen. This substance is responsible for the condition of the skin, blood vessels, bones, ligaments, and cartilage. Collagen accelerates tissue regeneration (healing in cuts, ulcers, wounds), slows down aging.
Improves the absorption of minerals. Thanks to vitamin C, iron is absorbed almost 2 times better. This avoids iron deficiency anemia.
It has an antioxidant effect. Ascorbic acid is an antioxidant that reduces the number of free radicals that damage healthy cells in the body.
Increases immunity. Vitamin C enhances the body’s ability to withstand virus attacks. This significantly reduces the risk of catching a cold.
Strengthens the cardiovascular system. Ascorbic acid improves the condition of blood vessels, helps to reduce bad cholesterol. This allows you to prevent the development of pathologies of the heart and blood vessels. In addition, the vitamin provides blood thinning and serves to prevent blood clots.
Reduces uric acid levels. Vitamin A helps to remove excess uric acid from the body. Due to this property, it effectively resists the development of gout.
Strengthens the nervous system. The vitamin has a beneficial effect on the central nervous system. People who eat enough vitamin C are less likely to suffer from the negative effects of stress and are less likely to suffer from depression.
For a long time, scientists attributed to vitamin C a neuroprotective effect (the ability to protect the body from an age-related decrease in cognitive abilities). However, studies * (using Alzheimer’s disease as an example) showed that this role of the vitamin is greatly exaggerated.
Symptoms of Vitamin C Deficiency
Ascorbic acid provides many important processes. That is why with a lack of substance an impressive amount of unpleasant symptoms develops.
If your skin is dry, consult a doctor and take tests
The deficit may be indicated by:
the formation of premature wrinkles;
the appearance of unexplained bruises;
prolonged and severe wound healing;
high tendency to bleeding;
the appearance of hemorrhoids;
the development of varicose veins;
loosening, tooth loss;
the appearance of pinpoint red spots on the body (the smallest hemorrhage);
causeless fatigue, apathy, fatigue;
tendency to depression;
frequent and prolonged colds;
muscle, joint pain.
If the deficiency of ascorbic acid is not timely compensated, then the destructive processes progress. The condition of blood vessels worsens, heart diseases begin to develop. A person suffers from shortness of breath, spasms periodically occur. High risk of internal hemorrhage.
How to Determine Vitamin Deficiency
It is difficult to suspect a shortage at the initial stage. All the symptoms that appear may indicate not only a vitamin deficiency, but also the development of various disorders in the internal organs.
A characteristic feature of vitamin C deficiency is a high fragility of blood vessels. As a result of the weakening of the vascular walls, a person often has bleeding (from the nose, gums, with scratches, cuts). Bleeding does not stop well, and wounds heal for a long time. In addition, with a lack of vitamin C, a tendency to subcutaneous hemorrhage develops. People call them bruises. Even the slightest blow is enough to form a bruise.
Doctors are able to determine vitamin deficiency by the totality of external signs and complaints of the patient. But if a specialist has doubts about the diagnosis, then a patient may be recommended for a laboratory blood test to determine the level of ascorbic acid.
Some categories of people are more at risk of vitamin C deficiency. It is especially important for them to saturate their diet with ascorbic acid.
Exhausting diets lead to loss of vitamin C
The risk group includes people who:
adhere to strict diets;
suffer from gastrointestinal diseases;
over 50 years old;
In addition, pregnant women and lactating mothers can face a deficit.
What diseases causes vitamin C deficiency?
Ascorbic acid, since it is not able to accumulate, must be ingested daily. If this does not happen, then vitamin deficiency begins to develop.