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What problems is dry skin talking about?

Dry skin is a frequent occurrence. At the same time, the skin can dry out not only on the face, but also on the arms, legs, body. What causes dry skin? How serious can this problem be? Is it possible to get rid of dryness and, if so, how to do it?

Why does the skin dry out?
Skin water is vital. It is she who makes our skin supple and supple. Due to moisture, the skin receives nutrition.

The saturation of the skin with moisture is affected by the uppermost stratum corneum and subcutaneous fat. They form a film on the surface of the skin, which protects the deeper layers from the negative effects of the environment and retains water.

When this layer is thinned, the skin dries up, dehydrates and all the problems associated with this condition arise.

Beauticians distinguish between the concepts of “dry skin” and “dehydrated skin.” Under the first understand the type of skin due to genetics. Dry skin is the norm. It just needs a more thorough care and it is more easily affected by harmful factors.
Dehydrated skin is already a cosmetological, and sometimes a medical problem.

As a cause of dry skin, consider the impact of external factors and the result of internal changes in the body.

External factors negatively affecting the skin:

too low and too high temperatures;
frequent washing with hot water, especially with soap;
increased air dryness;
sun exposure;
the effect of chemicals (household chemicals, drying cosmetics, chlorinated pool water).
Use household chemicals only with gloves on.
Causes of dry skin of an internal nature include:

dehydration of the body;
lack of vitamins and macro- and microelements, in particular vitamins A, C and E, nicotinic acid;
skin aging;
hormonal disruptions during menopause, pregnancy;
smoking; alcohol abuse;
diseases of the internal organs;
skin diseases.
What says dry skin?
After washing, there is an unpleasant sensation, as if the skin is tightened.
The skin begins to peel off.
It is covered with red spots.
Itching occurs, sometimes very severe.
The skin is rough to the touch.
The skin is cracking, these cracks are sore, bleeding
Dry skin and lack of vitamins
Dry skin is often caused by the fact that the body lacks certain vitamins. What vitamins are primarily responsible for skin condition?

Vitamin A (retinol).
The causes of dryness and peeling of the skin very often lie in the deficiency of this particular vitamin. In addition, with his lack of “crow’s feet” appear around the eyes. Vitamin A helps moisturize the skin, protects it from adverse environmental influences, and removes peeling.

Vitamin A prevents wrinkles
Vitamin E (tocopherol)
Great antioxidant. Its lack is manifested by dryness and sagging skin, its premature aging. Tocopherol removes peeling, restores and tones the skin, and in addition, helps to assimilate vitamin A.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
The skin became very dry, cracks appeared on it, a rash – perhaps this is a deficiency of vitamin B2.

Vitamin PP (nicotinic acid)
This vitamin protects against dry and peeling skin, the formation of early wrinkles.

With dry skin, these vitamins are taken orally and used as an external agent in various skin care creams.

When can dry skin be dangerous?
Excessive dryness of the skin, accompanied by other symptoms, can indicate serious illnesses. Here is some of them.

Diabetes. With this violation of carbohydrate metabolism, many organs suffer. One of the symptoms of diabetes is skin itching and dry skin in the folds. Pustules and ulcers form on the skin. Other symptoms are thirst and rapid urination, weakness.

Eating sugary sweets contributes to diabetes
Hypothyroidism With insufficient thyroid function, the skin begins to peel off, red spots appear on the neck and chest. Other manifestations of the disease include chilliness, puffiness, pallor, cold hands and feet.

Psoriasis. This non-infectious skin disease is manifested by the appearance of plaques with dry and flaky skin with the formation of scales. Plaques can itch, hurt. Most often, the elbows, knees, head (scalp), lower back are affected.

Eczema. It is manifested by dry skin, the appearance of a rash and itching.

Allergy. The main signs of an allergy are rash and redness. But along with them or after them dry skin, itching, and swelling occur.

Ichthyosis. Genetically caused disease, manifested by very dry and thickened skin with the formation of scales. Most often affects the bends of the elbows, knees, ankle joint, lower back.

Fungal skin lesions. As a rule, the fungus affects the feet, less often the palms. The first symptom is dryness, itching and peeling of the skin between the fingers.

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