How does collagen “work” and why is it needed
The term “collagen” is often pronounced when it comes to anti-aging procedures. Therefore, for many people, this substance is associated with beauty and a slowdown in old age. However, from a medical point of view, this is far from the only function of collagen. Its role in the body is more significant. So, what is the mysterious collagen substance and why do doctors advise it to drink?
Collagen: what is it and why is it needed?
Collagen is a specific fibrillar protein. It is the basis of connective tissue and is part of the skin, cartilage, tendons, blood vessels. This protein gives the tissue elasticity and strength.
A bit of anatomy
In the human body there is connective tissue. This is the same essential component as the heart or brain. It is present everywhere: in vessels, liver, heart, muscles, lungs. It can be dense or loose, depending on the need.
Connective tissue is a very complex structure, which consists of collagen and many different cells (osteoblasts, chondroblasts, fibroblasts). The main functions of such a fabric are as follows:
the union of all organs into a single whole;
providing a framework of organs;
regulation of water-salt processes;
the formation of specialized tissues (e.g., tendons, cartilage, teeth).
Tissues form due to collagen
Why collagen is needed for the body
Collagen (translated from Greek as “adhesive”) is considered to be a kind of “glue” that combines all organs and tissues into a single whole. It is difficult to overestimate the role of this protein for the functioning of the human body.
The main functions of collagen:
ensuring the strength of all organs and tissues;
protection of organs from mechanical damage;
providing natural mobility of the joints;
ensuring the elasticity of blood vessels, ligaments, tendons, skin and internal organs.
Thus, it becomes obvious why collagen is needed. It has the following positive effects:
protects joints from destruction;
improves the appearance of the skin;
inhibits the destruction of cartilage;
gives the hair a density and natural shine;
supports muscle mass (which is especially important for athletes);
strengthens nails, preventing their fragility;
increases the elasticity of blood vessels;
minimizes the effect of toxins on the liver;
strengthens the walls of the digestive tract.
Collagen is a very fragile protein. It is able to instantly disintegrate under the influence of negative factors. But he is recovering extremely slowly. The human body synthesizes collagen on its own. However, over the years, this ability is significantly reduced.
From the use of sweet protein synthesis is significantly reduced
Doctors say that the first decrease in protein production occurs at the age of 25. And significant changes (which are noticeable visually) are noted at 35 years old. But age is not the only factor that leads to a decrease in collagen production.
The following points can reduce protein synthesis:
unhealthy diet (addiction to refined carbohydrates and sugar);
non-compliance with the regime (lack of sleep, excessive stress, lack of physical activity);
some congenital diseases;
disturbances in the immune system.
Collagen deficiency often affects large tanning enthusiasts. Under the influence of ultraviolet, the fibrillar protein is destroyed. It is noticeable even visually. The skin of sunbathers is usually thinned. She ages much earlier. Sunbathers often complain of premature wrinkles.
The loss of collagen will lead to the development of many disorders. Such changes will affect not only the appearance (skin, hair). They will affect the work of internal organs. In this case, collagen diseases begin to develop (these are various pathologies of the connective tissue). This category includes systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, periarteritis nodosa.
Therefore, collagen repair is a vital necessity. To achieve this, doctors recommend the following ways:
introduce technological collagen into the body;
activate your own protein synthesis.
Before making a decision to replenish protein, visit your doctor. Be sure to specify whether and why you need to drink collagen. This protein in case of an overdose can lead to rather unpleasant consequences.
Types of collagen
Three types of fibrillar protein are known:
Animal. This is the cheapest collagen. Get it from the bones and skins of cattle. Most often, this component is included in the composition of creams (moisturizing, nourishing). However, cosmetologists are rather skeptical about such products. The molecules of this collagen are too large. Therefore, they are not able to penetrate the human body through the skin barrier.
Nautical. This collagen is made from fish skin. Marine protein in terms of amino acid structure is as close to human as possible.