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Alzheimer’s disease: how it goes

This severe incurable disease terrifies people. After all, it is characterized by the fact that a person gradually completely loses his personality. And statistics is inexorable: the number of victims of this disease is steadily growing, and it is even called the epidemic of the 21st century.

In what forms is Alzheimer’s disease manifested?
As a rule, Alzheimer’s disease (dementia) is considered a disease of the elderly. Indeed, most often it affects people after 65 years, and the risk of a disease increases with age. But younger people, 50–60 years old, can also get sick, and even there are cases of the disease after 40 years. Moreover, the manifestations of the disease with early and late onset differ. That is why there are two main forms of the disease: presenile (early) – up to 65 years old and hydrocyanic – respectively after 65.

There is also the so-called family disease, the onset of which occurs at the age of 40 years. This form is hereditary – several members of the same family get sick at once, and the disease can be traced in several generations.
The early form of Alzheimer’s can also be inherited, and it is caused by disorders at the gene level. It is characterized by rapid progression: the patient’s speech is disturbed in a short period of time, he ceases to recognize others, loses independence.

There are few cases of early onset of the disease. The most common prussic form of the disease. It does not depend on heredity and develops gradually, at the very beginning almost imperceptibly – its first symptoms: forgetfulness, distraction – are often mistaken for manifestations of age-related characteristics. But year after year, changes are becoming more pronounced.

How does the disease develop?
Depending on the manifestations of the disease, the stages of Alzheimer’s disease are distinguished: according to different classifications, from three to seven stages.

When diagnosing, doctors often use a rating of clinical dementia, which includes five stages.

Stage 0. The person is practically healthy. He may forget something not too important, a little confuse the details of the event.

Stage 0.5. A person becomes forgetful, but is able to remember what he forgot. He sometimes gets confused in time, it can be difficult to solve complex problems. It is already possible to suspect dementia.

Stage 1 – initial. A person does not remember what happened today or yesterday, forgets what he just said. He cannot find his things, because he does not remember where he put them. Forgets the names of famous people, the names of objects. May be confused in dates. It is difficult to navigate in an unfamiliar place.

Healthy brain and brain affected by Alheimer’s disease
The patient’s logic does not yet suffer, but it becomes increasingly difficult for him to make decisions. It is difficult for him to plan his actions. A person copes with his professional duties, but any deviation from the usual routine confuses him.

The patient’s logic does not yet suffer, but it becomes increasingly difficult for him to make decisions. It is difficult for him to plan his actions. A person copes with his professional duties, but any deviation from the usual routine confuses him.

Stage 2 – moderate. Memory suffers more and more. The patient remembers well what happened a long time ago. He begins to get confused in time, “transfers” himself to the past, does not remember how old he is.

Poor orientation on the street, even in his native area.

He does not perceive abstract concepts, is able to understand only specific things. Logical thinking is disturbed.

He cannot do his job, loses interest in others, sharply limits communication.

At home, he can perform simple work, but managing household appliances becomes an impossible task for him.

A person is able to care for himself, but often forgets or does not want to do this, so he needs supervision and control.

Stage 3 is the last. The patient remains only scattered pieces of memories. He does not remember and does not recognize his family, does not understand who he is. Man completely “drops out” of time. Basically, he does not understand where he is at the moment, only sometimes he finds out his house.

The patient has impaired speech. He loses all ability to think. Cannot speak and think normally.

The patient is not capable of any, even the most primitive homework, and later can no longer walk, sit, eat independently. It is clear that he does not observe personal hygiene.

There is a classification of Alzheimer’s disease, including seven stages. All the same manifestations are painted in it, but more gradually. So, for example, the last 3rd stage in it is represented by two – severe and extremely difficult.

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