Removal of scars and scars
Contrary to the well-known saying, scars do not adorn anyone: neither a man nor a woman. But it is not only aesthetics. Scars can restrict movement, scars on the face – distort facial expressions. All this leads to serious problems in personal life and narrows the choice of professional activity. Such scars must be disposed of. Only you need to understand that it is impossible to completely get rid of scars, you can make them minimally noticeable.
What are the ways to remove scars and scars?
First you need to decide on the terms. In fact, a scar and a scar are one and the same thing, just in medicine these dense formations of connective tissue are called scars, and in everyday life – scars.
Scars occur after injuries, burns, surgeries, inflammations on the skin caused by such diseases as dermatitis, acne, furunculosis. Scar formation is a natural response of tissues to damage. The body, as it were, puts a patch of another fabric on the edges of the wound. The scar tissue consists mainly of collagen. It is less elastic, it lacks hair follicles, sebaceous and sweat glands, it is more sensitive to sunlight.
All scars can be divided into four classes: normotrophic scars that appear as a result of a normal reaction to skin damage, and three pathological classes are atrophic, hypertrophic and keloid scars.
The choice of a method for treating a scar, among other things, depends on its type.
These are flat, quite elastic scars, located on the same level with the skin and almost indistinguishable by color from it, therefore subtle. To remove them, special ointments, chemical peeling, cryodestruction, microdermabrasion and laser resurfacing are used.
An inverted scar, which is located below the skin surrounding it, since collagen was not enough for its formation. If the scar is small in width, then outwardly it looks like a normotrophic scar. By color, it can be either completely pale, or maintain pigmentation in the center. He has reduced sensitivity and normal elasticity. Atrophic scars often remain after acne or chickenpox. Atrophic scars are treated using physiotherapeutic procedures: electrophoresis, laser therapy, vacuum and cryomassage, phonophoresis, magnetic heat exposure, microcurrents, as well as injections of hyaluronic acid. Surgical treatment for this type of scars is not applicable.
These scars rise above normal skin in the form of a roller. During their formation, a large amount of collagen is secreted, which forms the characteristic nodules of the scar. The color of hypertrophic scars is pink or reddish; transverse cracks may occur on their surface. Often, scars of this type are accompanied by itching. They often form in places of constant pressure or stretching of the tissue. Hypertrophic scars, as a rule, occur within a month after an injury and can either grow or decrease. The elimination of scars of this type is carried out using drugs that reduce the production of collagen, physiotherapeutic procedures, such as electrophoresis, cryodestruction, laser and radiation therapy, chemical peeling and surgical excision of scars.
The most unpleasant and difficult to treat scars resulting from increased production of collagen. Rough, crimson-cyanotic color, they can appear both at the site of skin damage and on intact skin. A keloid scar protrudes above the surface of the skin, and sometimes it spreads beyond the injured area and may increase over time. Typically, keloids form on the face, neck, shoulders, chest and cause itching, burning and pain. Examples of keloid scars are traces of piercings or piercing of the ears. But they can also appear after burns, operations, skin rashes. And another feature of keloids – they can occur not immediately, but a few months after the injury.
Unfortunately, such scars are difficult to treat and may recur. Surgical treatment of a keloid scar – excision – is undesirable, since there is a great risk that a new keloid of an even larger size will form at the site of the removed scar. For the treatment of keloid formations, ointments, gels and silicone patches are used, compression with a pressure bandage, injections with steroid drugs, cryotherapy.
The choice of how to remove scars and scars is made taking into account many factors strictly individually. But you need to understand, firstly, that it is impossible to completely get rid of scars and scars, you can only make them less noticeable, and secondly, when the scar is excised, not a single surgeon can predict the results of the operation. And they will depend more on the characteristics of the patient’s body.